November birthdays are represented by two gemstones; Citrine and Topaz. The warm color of Citrine is believed to be a healing gemstone and a gift from the sun. Ancients believed beautiful Topaz had the power to cool boiling water and quell anger. The word topaz is believed to come from a Sanskrit (sacred language of Hinduism) word meaning fire. The topaz was said to control heat and contain medicinal properties which were used to cure fever.
Topaz Gemstone Color Chart
Topaz occurs naturally in a wide variety of beautiful colors including blue, pale green, pink, red, brown, various shades of yellow and black. Topaz in its purest form is colorless. Red topaz gets its color from chromium but mostly the colors of the topaz occur because of defects and elements found in the crystal itself. Heat treatment of colorless topaz can transform the stone to blueish color hues.
Topaz Hardness Facts; How is Topaz Formed?
The chemical composition of topaz is referred to as aluminum silicate fluoride hydroxide. Topaz is one of the hardest of silicate minerals and can be found naturally occurring in a variety of sizes from the tiniest of crystals to rocks the size of a small car. One of the largest uncut stones is on display at the American Museum of Natural History located in New York. The specimen weighs in at close to 600 pounds and was discovered in Brazil. One of the most famous examples of a cut topaz can be found in the crown jewels of Portugal. The stone weighs 12 ounces and is colorless topaz that was originally thought to be a diamond hence its namesake of Braganza Diamond.
Topaz Stone & Crystal Meanings
During the middle ages, the topaz was worn by both royalty and the clergy. During the 13th century it was believed topaz engraved with a falcon could bring the blessing of kings and princes to the wearer of the stone. Ancients believed that topaz could strengthen the mind, prevent mental disorders and increase the wisdom of the wearer. It was also believed that the stone could provide protection from sudden death. Powdered topaz was often added to wine to prevent the occurrence of insomnia and breathing issues associated with asthma. It was also believed that one could immerse the stone in wine for three days and three nights before rubbing the liquid on the eyes to cure impaired vision. The ancient Greeks believed that the topaz could increase both the strength of the wearer and make the wearer invisible and the Romans believed the stone could improve eyesight. The ancient Egyptians wore topaz as an amulet that was said to protect the wearer from injury.
Imperial Topaz Jewelry & the Russian Monarchy
The Imperial topaz with its distinctive pink, peach, champagne or orange color hues is the rarest variety of topaz. One of the primary sources of mining is Brazil and deposits were also found in Russia. The imperial topaz was named to honor the Russian monarchy and was highly prized for its rich golden color. In fact only members of the Russian family were allowed to wear the gem. Today, the imperial topaz is one of the rarest and most sought after collectibles available. The most highly valued and rarest form of topaz is the red imperial topaz. The colors of the imperial topaz can vary between an orange-yellow, brownish-yellow and reddish brown followed by pink. Light blue and pale yellow stones are the most abundant and the least valuable although they are still valued for their stunning colors and beautiful appearance.
Where is Topaz Found?
Brazil is responsible for the largest production of topaz followed by Russian, Pakistan, Scotland, Japan and Sri Lanka. Topaz can also be found naturally occurring within the United States in both Colorado and California.
Topaz, Citrine & Other Gemstone & Jewelry Appraisals in Beverly Hills, Agoura Hills, Palm Springs, Indio & Southern California
The topaz is a gem that has become a popular choice for necklaces, brooches and bracelets due to its strength, clarity and beautiful selection of colors. Pure topaz can often be mistaken for a diamond, is very rare and as such can be extremely expensive. If you are interested in learning more about your precious gems, jewelry and other collector items for estate, insurance requirements or other purposes, contact Brigitte Kruse and the knowledgeable experts at Brigitte Kruse Appraisal Services today.